*A Brief History on the War on Drugs  The first anti-opium laws in the 1870s were directed at Chinese immigrants. The first anti-cocaine laws, in the South in the early 1900s, were directed at black men. The first anti-marijuana laws, in the Midwest and the Southwest in the 1910s and 20s, were directed at Mexican migrants and Mexican Americans. Today, Latino and especially black communities are still subject to wildly disproportionate drug enforcement and sentencing practices.
**John Ehrlichman, convicted Watergate co-conspirator and Nixon administration staffer and then Nixon drug policy advisor told Dan Baum:  "... an amazing thing. I started asking him some earnest, wonky policy questions (concerning the "War on Drugs") and he waved them away. He said, "Can we cut the B.S.? Can I just tell you what this was all about?" The Nixon campaign in '68 and the Nixon White House had two enemies: black people and the anti-war left. He said, and we knew that if we could associate heroin with black people and marijuana with the hippies, we could project the police into those communities, arrest their leaders, break up their meetings and most of all, demonize them night after night on the evening news. And he looked me in the eyes and said, "Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did."  For full interview:   Legalize All Drugs? The 'Risks Are Tremendous' Without Defining The Problem

Ranking                Title       Prison Population Total
1              United States of America             2 217 000
2              China     1 649 804
3              Russian Federation         646 319